Vaastu is an ancient Vedic science of planning buildings layouts that has stood the test of time, influencing peace and prosperity of the inhabitants. Vaastu science does not find its roots in astrology but is a science which deals with the management of cosmic energy in Building and Structures. It has a strong scientific base and is not a myth. In modern times, the knowledge of house building technology has grown so vast, that it has branched off into special fields such as architecture, engineering and interior decoration. Architecture deals with the internal comfort and external beauty, Civil engineering deals with the structural stability but Vaastu provides knowledge to be adopted in building a house so as to make the occupant happy, healthy and prosperous.
Vaastu principles are applicable to individual residential houses, industry, educational institutions, commercial complexes, theaters, hospitals, churches, etc.. If colonies, villages and cities are planned on its principles, it is said that they will all be very prosperous. In Indian architecture, the dwelling is itself a shrine. A home is called Manushyalaya, literally, “Human Temple”. It is not merely a shelter for human beings in which to rest and eat. The concept behind house design is the same as for temple design, so sacred and spiritual are the two spaces. The “open courtyard” system of house design was the national pattern in India before Western models were introduced. The order introduced into the “built space” accounts for the creation of spiritual ambiance required for the occupant to enjoy spiritual well-being and material welfare and prosperity.
According to Vaastu Sastra, the world comprises five basic elements known as the pancha maha bhoota. Out of the eight planets, ours has life because of the presence and balance of these five elements. These five elements are:
EARTH (Bhumi) – Earth, the third planet from the sun, is a big magnet with North and South poles as centers of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational force have considerable effect on everything on the Earth, living and non-living.
WATER (Jala) – This is represented by rain, river and sea and is in the form of liquid, solid (ice) and gas (steam, cloud). water forms part of every plant and animal. Our blood is mostly water.
AIR (Vayu) – As a life supporting element, air is a very powerful life source. Human physical comfort is are directly and sensitively dependent on correct humidity, air flow, air temperature, air pressure, air composition and its content.
FIRE (Agni) – Represents light and heat which account for day, night, the seasons, energy, enthusiasm, passion and vigour.
SPACE (Akasha) –Akasha provides shelter to all the above elements. It is also considered the primary conductor of all energy sources within the universal context – physical energies such as sound and light, social energies such as psychological and emotional, and cognitive energies such as intellect and intuition.
There is an invisible and constant relationship between all the five elements. Thus, a person can improve their condition by properly designing their buildings by understanding the effectiveness of these five natural forces. Vaastu Sastra combines all the five elements of nature and balances them with the person and the material. It takes advantage of the benefits bestowed by the five elements of nature to create a congenial living and working environment thereby facilitating spiritual well-being and paving the way for enhanced health, wealth, prosperity and happiness.